MONU #33: Pandemic Urbanism
Magazine on Urbanism, October 2020
Paperback | 7-3/4 x 10-1/2 inches | 128 pages | English | ISSN: 1860-3211 | $23.99
Quarantines and Paranoia - Interview with Beatriz Colomina by Bernd Upmeyer; On Constructing a Semana Santa by Ana Morcillo Pallares; Here Not There Urbanism by Jessica Bridger; Lockdown London: Tale of the Tape by Peter Dench; Grasping for (Fresh) Air: Exposing the Inherent Conflict of Public Interiors by Dalia Munenzon and Yair Titelboim; Balco(n)vid-19: How the Pandemic Can Be Hacked by Michaela Litsardaki; New Top City by Eventually Made (Sebastian Bernardy and Vincent Meyer Madaus); Pestilential Cities - Cities as Spheres for Pathogens, Epidemics and Wellbeing by Ian Nazareth, Conrad Hamann and Rosemary Heyworth; The Great Emptiness by Carmelo Ignaccolo and Ayan Meer; Eternal Silence by Nadia Shira Cohen; Isolation and Inequality - Interview with Richard Sennett by Bernd Upmeyer; Transformation Towards Community Resilience: New Urban Visions by Jan Fransen and Daniela Ochoa Peralta; Drivers of Change for the "New" in the "Normal" by Alexander Jachnow; Real Estate Art in the Age of Pandemic by Kuba Snopek; Bringing about the Adaptive Street by Joshua Yates and Janna Hohn; Can the Pandemic Situation Generate Walkable Cities? by Leticia Sabino and Louise Uchôa (SampaPé!); The Total House During and After Coronavirus: A Virtual Place and More by Anna Rita Emili (altro_studio); Medial Territories by Michele Cerruti But; Augmented Domesticities - The Rise of a Non-Typological Architecture by Pedro Pitarch
REVIEW BY EMILIE STECHER:
In March 2020 our perception of the urban was suddenly limited to the square meters of our flats. Working, learning, meeting friends, or going to a concert — everything took place within our four walls. Finally, during the summer, after months of isolation, we slowly made our way back into the city, craving social contact. Now we are watching, in real-time, our metropolises being transformed. Bike lanes pop up on the surface, restaurants expand onto the pavement and play-streets find their way into our new perception of the urban area. If illnesses like tuberculosis were "house problems," Covid-19 is a "city problem," as Beatriz Colomina describes in her interview in MONU #33. Will this pandemic be a revolution for the city of the future? The latest issue of MONU, Pandemic Urbanism, gets the discussion started. With distinct views from different perspectives, artists, urbanists, researchers and sociologists offer an insight into their field. They show what they have experienced during the last months and analyze what they think the future might hold. To get a good basis for discussion, the issue provides knowledge about the historical influences of illnesses on cities and the previous drivers for change. Furthermore, it presents documentations and changes that the urban environment experienced during the last months and includes visions for the future.
With these diverse perspectives, the issue tries to figure out what urbanism was, is, and will be. A reoccurring theme is the relation between the private and public. The reader can dive into a vivid description of the religious Easter ritual of Semana Santa, the holy week, which took place on a balcony in Spain. In a research study about the use of balconies during the lockdown, one can get lost in the imagination of non-balcony owners. The revival of rooftops in New York is presented by a fascinating illustration showing imaginative uses for the "new top city," offering new discoveries again and again. Through new uses implemented into the domestic space, Pedro Pitarch calls for the end of the Architectural Typology, which ought to replace programs with architectural performances. Bedrooms are no longer only used for sleeping and kitchens for more than cooking. This thought continues in the project of the "total house" of Anna Rita Emili, where space is created through laser projections. She sees a decrease in distance between the private and public and as a result the home transforms into a multifunctional space where all life takes place. Through smart working there is more time dedicated to recreation and hobbies and furthermore to fall in line with our biorhythms. Working from home and homeschooling let this usual border between the private and public disappear. In the interview Beatriz Colomina says that the seemingly small-scale impact of working from home can have a huge impact on the shaping of cities. With all the empty office buildings in the center, we would have to rethink the city itself.
Colomina is not alone in rethinking urban space. With absent tourists, a lot of Italian city centers were abandoned and showed their urgency in designing for residents and not for tourists. The silence in Rome is beautifully captured in a photo essay. A dancing couple shows the freedom that lies within the new vacancy. I assume the article by Jessica Bridger, which is about urbanism being here and not there, to be central. Since many people were leaving their city lives behind and went back to the rural areas of their hometowns, they took urbanity with them and shifted the perception of it. Commuting is unnecessary after all, and suddenly urban doesn’t mean density anymore. Concerts and exhibitions happen online, and the new media territory emerges, as described in-depth in another article. How we put this into form is not decided yet, but it is our chance to combine Covid-19 with the "urgently needed response to the coming climate crisis, a crisis to end all crises," suggests Bridger, "[what] will be the foundation for a new kind of shining, silver city upon a hill." It’s these pieces of hope and vision that are spread all through the issue and waken the feeling of wanting to get up and be part of this wind of change.
As so in the second interview where Richard Sennett demands to rethink 20th-century urbanism and mentions, among other things, the Open City which is also, like the Pocket City or the 15-Minute City, a reappearing topic. For these theories the pandemic acted as a catalyst which gave them the chance to be tested in bottom-up projects, often with way less or even no bureaucracy. The barely new approaches gained a lot of new reasoning since many people were not allowed to go out or were restricted to certain areas of their cities. Suddenly walkability was a necessity. As shown in a South American based article there are huge inequities in the possibility of implementing these concepts, especially in numerous low-income areas where unwalkability became visible. Through highly diverse approaches, the issue questions and discusses new and old urban approaches and the way we live. It gives opportunities to fight climate change and talks about social issues that gained visibility like unequal access to basic needs, education, and health care. Most of all, like the coronavirus itself, it makes the invisible visible.
Seeing the magazine’s cover, it seems as if there is nothing left but the restriction tape. But by opening it, one can see all the possibilities, visions and opportunities of the future. MONU #33 doesn’t try to analyze everything or provide finished answers; rather it can be seen as a starting point for future discussions about how Covid-19 reshapes and transforms cities and our living environment. Change is coming. Whether it is only climate change or also the way we shape our surroundings will remain open. What Pandemic Urbanism does is get us excited about it and provide an insight into the possibilities, so we can "find our way back into the kind of city we desire," as contributor Alexander Jachnow suggests.
Emilie Stecher studied Architecture at the University of Liechtenstein. She’s interested in how we can connect people through architecture and urbanism. Currently living in Rotterdam, she’s gaining knowledge about sustainable design and planning and the Dutch approach to urbanism.
INSIDE THE ISSUE:
MONU (Magazine on Urbanism) is a unique biannual international forum for architects, urbanists and theorists that are working on urban topics. MONU focuses on the city in a broad sense, including its politics, economy, geography, ecology, its social aspects, as well as its physical structure and architecture. ... MONU is edited in the city of Rotterdam, the Netherlands. ... MONU is an independent, non-conformist, niche publication that collects critical articles, images, concepts, and urban theories from architects, urbanists and theorists from around the world on a given topic.
|Balco(n)vid-19: How the Pandemic Can Be Hacked by Michaela Litsardaki, p. 42-43
|New Top City by Eventually Made (Sebastian Bernardy and Vincent Meyer Madaus) p. 50-51
|Eternal Silence by Nadia Shira Cohen, p. 70-71